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Relevance of Environmental Impact Assessment

Context

Recently, the redevelopment project in Delhi has been the reason for discussion due to legal issues and environmental approvals. Actually, due to the continuous ‘tree rescue campaign’, the Ministry of Housing and Urban Development has assured people that the project will be reviewed again. It is notable that in this project, construction of residential colonies as huge commercial facilities and the construction of World Trade Center in place of Nowroji Nagar of South Delhi is now included. In addition to information related to the Environmental Impact Assessment in this article, those three methods have been mentioned by which the use of the Environmental Impact Assessment (EIA) Process of these Projects should be done to build a better environment keeping in view the rights of citizens. Could. 

Environmental Impact Assessment (EIA)

  • The EIA report is an important component of India’s environmental decision-making process, in which it is considered as a comprehensive study of possible impact of proposed projects.
  • EIA assesses potential environmental problems in a proposed development plan and takes measures to deal with them in the form of planning and formation of the scheme.
  • It is available as a tool for the plan makers so that coordination between developmental activities and environmental concerns can be established.
  • Based on these reports, can the environment ministry or other relevant regulatory body approve any project?
  • EIA started in India in 1978-79 with the impact assessment of river-valley projects and in the meantime it was included in the scope of industry, thermal power projects etc.
  • In India, EIA process is completed in the scrutiny, Baseline data collection, Impact Assessment, Mitigation Plan EIA Report, Public Hearing etc.

Benefits of EIA 

  • Assistant in Healthy Local Environmental Development 
  • Observe environmental standards. 
  • Loss of environment or lower risk in disasters.
  • Maintenance of Biodiversity
  • Decrease in the use of resources due to the informed decision.
  • Increase in community participation and ensure sustainable development.

In the redevelopment projects, the use of Environmental Impact Assessment (EIA) can be used to build better environment keeping in view the rights of citizens. There can be three measures related to this, as follows:

Improvement in non-policy matters 

  • It is believed that the EIA report of the above redevelopment projects is an exercise of the worst possible research practices and policies.
  • It is worth noting that the Advisor of the Navorji Nagar project has used the material from the documents, webpages and other EIA reports, which mentions that the water quality study-2012 related to this project, one year prior to handing over to the NBCC it was done.
  • This report is a carbon copy of the content of the Copyright Book (2015), entitled “Water, Energy and Bio Resource Management: Emerging Issues and Challenges” in the Age of Climate Change.
  • Due to the failure of the Ministry of Environment, such research practices of the EIA are continuing.
  • Therefore, by improving such research practices and policies, a healthy environment can be imagined for the citizens.
 

  • NBCC was established in November 1960 as a public sector company in full ownership of the Government of India under the Ministry of Housing and Urban Development.
  • Since then, as a project management consultant and contractor on all facets of civil engineering, it has increased manifold in India and abroad and gained fame as a manufacturing company.
  • The company has stepped into the real estate business in 1988 and has made remarkable progress in the market since then.
  • In fact, NBCC is the first Central Public Sector Undertaking to step in the real estate.
  • At present, NBCC is the only company in the real estate industry.
  • The development of residential, commercial and institutional projects in real estate business is also involved.

Strict action against misleading and inaccurate information 

  • Misleading and inaccurate information minimizes the potential impact of these projects. For example, the EIA ‘terms of reference’ (TOR), which is essentially a commercial project for the city of Naoroji, failed to mention the word “commercial”.
  • In terms of reference, there is a need to include a detailed traffic impact analysis for the EIA report, but it is also missing.
  • Also in this report many archaeological and cultural heritage sites, which will be affected by construction, have not been mentioned.
  • It is mentioned in the EIA Notification, 2006 that “intentionally conceal and / or false or misleading information or data can be rejected on application or approval can be canceled.
  • However, the Ministry has not taken any drastic steps against these projects on the above mentioned basis, as it means preventing important projects from the point of view of urban development.
  • However, these projects can not be made environmentally and favorable without taking drastic action against misleading and inaccurate information.

Compulsion of public consultation 

  • The process of public hearing in EIA-based approval for most projects is also included so that the decision of the people affected by the decision to approve the project can be decided by the board.
  • In a world where many challenging situations are taking place due to environmental degradation and social strife, scholars should prioritize public participation as a “preliminary condition” for development.
  • However, it is disappointing that the government liberally liberated real estate projects from public hearings.
  • It is worth noting that Delhi’s “redevelopment” projects were approved without public consultation, so any information provided on the issue raised by the citizens about the EIA, should be given to the information provided later. Will be similar.

Forward path 

On the above basis, it can be said that civil movements and litigation have called upon the supporters of these projects and the Ministry of Urban Development to make necessary amendments in their plans to reduce or decrease the tree fall. However, this reaction is neither adequate nor legally acceptable. This reference should be made to the Delhi High Court which is hearing the matter, to ensure that these redevelopment projects re-apply for approval according to an integrated law. In addition to these defects, the ‘strategic environmental assessment’ can be considered, which is organized in the concept stage and thus proactive. An independent national environmental regulator can also be established, which will monitor the EIA process. At the same time, the training of EIA professionals, guidance on procedures and emphasis on research should be emphasized. 

Updated: October 17, 2018 — 4:09 pm

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