MP Local Area Development Scheme i.e. MPLAD started in 1993. To ensure better and full use of MPLAD, on 21st August, 21st All India Review was done. Lok Sabha and Rajya Sabha MPs have recommended more than 4 lakh 67 thousand works till April 2014, out of which 4 lakh 11 thousand 612 works were approved and out of which 3 lakh 84 thousand 260 work was completed by July 31, 2018 . In the review meeting, the MP discussed the issue of the interruptions faced by him in utilizing the MP fund during the tenure.
The MPLAD scheme was launched by the former Prime Minister Narasimha Rao on December 23, 1993 to provide a mechanism to the MPs so that they could provide basic facilities to them, including the construction of permanent community assets and community infrastructure as per the needs of the local people. Can be able to recommend development works.
This scheme is operated by the Ministry of Rural Development in February 1994 for the first time as per the guidelines.
After the transfer of the scheme to the Ministry of Statistics and Program Implementation, the Ministry of Rural Development issued guidelines in December 1994.
These guidelines were revised in February 1997, September 1999, April 2002, November 2005, August 2012 and May 2014.
While amending the guidelines, the MPs, MPs of the Rajya Sabha and Lok Sabha related to the local area development scheme, the Comptroller and Auditor General of India and the program evaluation organization of the then Planning Commission (now the Policy Commission), suggestions of all stakeholders and the previous year Work experience has been kept in mind.
What is MPLAD?
MP Local Area Development Division has been given the responsibility of implementing MP Local Area Development Scheme (MPLAD). Under the scheme, every MP has been given the option of suggesting the district collector about the cost incurred up to Rs. 5 crore in his constituency.
Rajya Sabha MP can recommend works in one or more districts of that state, from where he was elected.
Nominated members of the Lok Sabha and Rajya Sabha can work under the scheme by selecting one or more districts of their choice in any state of the country.
You can select some functions to create permanent assets like national priorities i.e. drinking water, education, public health, sanitation and roads.
Work can be implemented in areas with flood, cyclone, tsunami, earthquake, storm and famine. Lok Sabha MPs of the protected areas of the troubled state can recommend permissible works of up to Rs. 10 lakh per annum in the affected areas of the state.
At the time of the tragic natural calamity in the country, MPs can recommend a maximum of one crore rupees for the affected district. Whether the disaster is distraught or not, it will be determined by the Government of India.
If an elected MPs want to promote education and culture of the state / Union Territory from which they have been selected, in other States / Union Territories, then it will be subject to these guidelines up to a maximum of Rs. 10 lakhs in a financial year. Those tasks that are not restricted to guidelines can be selected.
If the estimated amount of work is more than the amount indicated for the work by the Member of Parliament, then the consent of the Member of Parliament is necessary before granting approval.
Implementation of scheme up to Rs. 2 lakhs in the schemes suggested by MP, beneficiary committee and implementation of schemes of more than Rs. 2 lakhs up to Rs. 15 lakhs are done through departmental and implementation of plans of more than 15 lakhs through tender.
MP funds and challenges?
When the scheme started in 1993, the then MPs believed that they should get a national sum because wherever they go, due to being MPs, people usually go to their village or city roads, health centers or schools. Demand for improvement in the situation.
But over time, the loss of the benefit was less. The disadvantage happened because the expectations of the people increased.
People began to expect from MP that the roads, drains and schools of the village would also be made, whereas there are three-tier system in the country, Panchayati Raj, Vidhan Sabha and Lok Sabha and these three have different responsibilities.
Legislative funds were also arranged for the legislators so that they began to work according to which the role of the Panchayati Raj decreased and the role of MPs increased and this increased the pressure on the MPs increased due to this.
The hopes and hopes of the people, more than the MPs who were unable to meet the MPs, were more than the MPs.
The amount given under the MP fund is also very limited. In this regard, a committee under the chairmanship of former Lok Sabha Speaker M Thambidurai was also formed. After considering all aspects, the committee suggested raising the amount of MP fund from Rs 5 crore to Rs 25 crore.
While presenting the report in the Lok Sabha, Thambidurai had said that under the MP fund, Rs 5 crore per year is extremely low. Due to the size of parliamentary area being quite large, this amount is becoming a problem for MPs.
Today, the price of everything is increasing, so the amount of five crore rupees is not enough.
Question on the justification of MP and MLA fund
For the past several years, there have been complaints of corruption on the wider scale of MP fund. In 2009, the Administrative Reforms Commission had said that in view of the corruption in the MP fund and legislative fund, and the way the public money is being misused, the funds should be stopped immediately.
In 2008, the then Lok Sabha Speaker Somnath Chatterjee had also said in the House that this plan should be stopped immediately.
The Comptroller and Auditor General of India (CAG) also mentioned corruption in its implementation in its 2010-11 report.
On one hand, demand for bringing MPs into the purview of Lokpal is going on throughout the country, there are cases of corruption against many MPs pending.
In Parliament, the number of MPs with criminal imagery is more than 33 percent. Anyway it has become a common belief that the MP fund nurtures corruption.
A few months ago, through a sting, some MPs were caught red-handed with a commission for contracts.
The amount of MP fund allocated for development at the grassroots is usually spent for political gain or the politicians spend their work.
The Comptroller and Auditor General of India (CAG) has filed his objection on contractual practice and commissioning in the use of the MP fund.
The report of the CAG shows how the Prime Minister-Chief Minister Relief Fund was financed by Rs 7.77 crore from the MP fund in 11 states.
In 14 states, MPs gave away six crore rupees to the hospitals and schools of trust, besides buying air conditioners and furniture. In seven states, seven crore rupees were spent from the MP fund, construction work was done in the name of a few people.
Generally, this fund is spent on opening the fund in the election year. Obviously, the use of this fund is increasing for political purpose.
The administrative commission has also recommended ending the MP fund. The commission argues that the work of MPs is to monitor administrative expenses and not to work for local bodies.
Prime Minister Narendra Modi had decided to watch the third party’s watch to monitor the MP fund. But even then the government assumes that there is no transparency in the use of MP funds.
According to the latest statistics, 200 MPs of the country could not spend 12 thousand crores of their development fund. Most of which is lying in the account of the district agency or the authorities.
Does a major change need to be made in MP fund?
MP funds are part of the budget, which MPs pass only. In the same way the budget of the state government passes legislators. MP or MLA fund was introduced to give some additional rights to MPs.
After becoming the legislative fund in all states, it became a political matter in a way.
There is a need for division in these funds and it needs to be clarified that the local bodies and panchayats will have responsibilities? What will be the responsibilities of district level people and legislative fund? In the same way, the responsibilities of the MP fund should also be defined.
Because if the MP fund can build handpumps and drains, while the same work can also be done by the legislator, then the importance of the MP fund will be reduced.
As has been the allegation on the MP fund earlier that it has been politicized. It is often said that more work is done than the MP fund in those places where their supporters are more. Therefore, there should be equal distribution of works.
According to the MPLAD statistics, the district administration is responsible for its implementation, certification, monthly report, progress report, and there is a lot of delay in implementation. In such a situation, what is the fault of MP who gave his approval for the release of that fund?
In such a situation, the responsibility of the district administration should be fixed and the certificates are to be provided and the responsibility for monitoring is given.
Work has been seen to be affected due to the disagreement in which the executive body will work on the MP fund’s project. As long as there is no better coordination between the state administration and the district administration, difficulties will continue to come.
For which project to work, a list should already be prepared for this. The MPs should choose the projects given in the list and if the project is included in the district project or the state project and implemented with the permission of the Center, its monitoring can be done better.
Under the Prime Minister’s Model Adarsh Gram Yojna, there has been talk of creating an ideal village panchayat, whereas no funds have been allocated for this, due to which the scheme is failing. In such a case it is necessary to allocate funds.
After the funds released under the MP fund, the next part is released. There is a need to make changes in this process too.
Being sensitive to development is also an important element of the implementation of the state’s implementing agency.
Need of transparency in district administration
In the 21st All India Review Meeting of the MP Local Area Development Scheme (MPLAD), this opinion has been expressed that at the district level, the biggest obstacle in the implementation of this scheme is the audit certificate, certificate of use of funds, interim proof of utilization of funds Essential documents such as letters, monthly progress reports, details given by the bank and monthly online progress report are frozen in the ministry on time. Do not be.
Veto power to spend MP fund is at district level and in such a way, putting the responsibility only on MPs is that money was not spent or used properly, it will not be okay.
Under the MP funds, the monitoring of the works is done by the district administration, there is a need to bring transparency in order to give credit to these MPs as well.
Sometimes, for political reasons, efforts are made to stop these projects, especially in states where there is no government of the same party in the center and states.
The responsibility of the district administration is to take responsibility for the implementation of a plan from its implementation to its implementation. If the district administration does not cooperate, then no project can be implemented at the time.
While removing practical errors in the implementation of the scheme, it will have to decide which items will be spent through MPLAD, the legislative fund will be spent on which items and the Panchayati Raj and local bodies will have responsibilities. It will remain overlapping until it will not be defined.
There is a need to change the arrangements for the same work of MPs, legislators, local bodies and village panchayats.
Due to political pressure, the management needs to change the negative mentality.
The correct thing is that the number of intricacies in it, the responsibility of all these ends on the district administration, due to which sometimes there is a delay in work and the defamation of the MP is done.
Work done under MPLAD
Lok Sabha and Rajya Sabha MPs have recommended 4,67,144 works till April 2014, out of which 4,11,612 works were approved and out of which 3,84,260 works were completed by 31 July 2018.
After the start of the MPLAD program, a total of 47,922.75 crores have been released for 31.07.2018 out of which 45604.94 crores has been used, which is about 95 percent of the amount released.
Effect of plan
The objective of the MP Local Area Development Scheme is to provide the people with the ability to fulfill the requirements related to the basic dilemmas of local people directly.
The tasks recommended by the Members of Parliament are scrutinized and the eligible works are executed by the district authorities.
Under the scheme, construction of durable assets such as drinking water supply, health and family welfare, electricity, community center, railway, road, roads and bridges, irrigation, non-conventional energy, bus stand / halves, from the beginning, Benefits have been transported to residents.
The demand has been rising from time to time that at least half of the MP fund should be spent on skill development of young people living in rural areas so that they can get jobs in cities or establish self-employment. But sadly, none of these demands have been taken into account, nor has any changes in government policies. Overall, the old system of MP funding has been running on the old roads only. It will not be wrong to say that serious irregularities have been detected in the use of MP fund over the last several years. The requirement is that this fund should be re-considered because it is a huge earning of the public. The government has also ignored the geographical diversity of the areas keeping the parallels in the nature of the MP fund. There is a difference between the Plateau area and the plains of the plains, It has not been tried to improve it which raises a big question. Their attitude encourages mismatch and discrimination. At the same time, there are not even fewer MPs who do not touch this amount. The question is whether it is the government’s priority to oblige MPs for political profits and losses. Today, it is necessary to know what is the justification for MP fund? Is it really the public promise of the development of the public? Sincerely it is important for the country to find answers to these questions.