During the summit between Prime Minister Narendra Modi and Japan’s Prime Minister Shinzo Abe in Tokyo, there were consensus on many important matters. With the strengthening of relations between the navies and the strength of the two countries, the Foreign and Defense Ministers of the two countries agreed for 2 + 2 talks. On this occasion, both leaders discussed in detail with mutual cooperation on regional and global issues. At the same time, after the talks between the two leaders, six agreements were signed and a $ 75 billion currency swap agreement was signed. After the meeting, there was agreement on enhancing cooperation between the Indian Navy and the Japan Maritime Self-Defense Force. Japan has also agreed to a second round of loans for the bullet train between Mumbai-Ahmedabad. Japan has also decided to join the International Solar Coalition. At the same time, he has agreed to liberalize visa rules for Indian citizens. Between Prime Ministers of India and Japan The current situation of the Hind-Pacific region was discussed in detail. The Prime Minister said that Japan’s companies have announced new investment of $ 2.5 billion in India. This will create 30 thousand jobs in India.
It is said that exchange between Japan and India began in the sixth century when Buddhism came in Japan.
Through Buddhism, Indian culture has had a great impact on Japanese culture and it is a major source of Japanese people’s feeling of nearness towards India.
After World War II in 1949, Indian Prime Minister Jawaharlal Nehru donated the Indian Elephant to the Yoono Zoo in Tokyo. This led to the introduction of the ray of monkeys in the lives of Japanese people, which could not recover from the defeat in the war.
Japan and India signed diplomatic ties and established diplomatic relations on April 28, 1952. This treaty was one of the earliest peace treaties made by Japan after World War II.
Since the establishment of diplomatic relations, the two countries have enjoyed goodwill relations. After World War II, India’s iron ore helped a lot in recovering Japan, who were killed.
After Japan’s Prime Minister Nobusuk Kishi’s visit to Japan in 1957, Japan started providing Yen loan to India in 1958 as the first Yen loan extension extended by the Japanese government.
In August 2000, Prime Minister Yoshiro Mori’s visit to India triggered the direction of strengthening Japan-India relations.
India-Japan: Major Agreements
The annual bilateral summit between India and Japan was held in Japan on 28, 29 October 2018. This has resulted in considerable change in partnership between the two countries and now it has become a ‘special strategic and global partnership’.
Both sides agreed for 2 + 2 talks between the Ministers of Foreign Ministers and the Defense Ministers to move forward in the field of global peace.
Both countries will cooperate for the first time in the field of traditional medicinal systems such as yoga and Ayurveda. This will increase the health care facilities in both countries.
Both countries have agreed to share benefits of the Ayushman Bharat Scheme and the Japanese Health Service Program.
A military logistics packet acquisition and cross-servicing agreement will start negotiations between the two countries, which will ensure access to each other’s military bases and naval bases.
Japan will invest more importantly in upgrading infrastructure in the Northeast, which will also connect India with Southeast Asia.
Both countries will work together to provide access to education, health and other facilities to the people of India-Pacific region including Africa.
Japan-India Investment Promotion Roadmap has increased Japan’s contribution to India’s Make in India initiative with the establishment of a business support center in Ahmedabad.
India’s growing relationship with Japan and its impact on the global scenario
The possibilities of increasing India-Japan relations are very high. Work area is very high between the two countries. It is based on strategies and values. Both countries have mentioned the rule of democracy and law.
If we look at the perspective of international environment, power balance and maritime security, then we find that relations between India and Japan are moving forward steadily. Both countries are at a turning point from where they can explore the possibilities and take them to the ground.
Six agreements have been signed between the two countries in which an agreement is about the second phase of the high speed train operation. In addition, there have been agreements in the field of Digital Partnership, Health Sector, Food and Navy.
57 companies in Japan are willing to invest in India.
There has never been a strategic difference between India and Japan, but in the last four years, the way the Prime Ministers of both countries have strengthened mutual friendship, the impact of this is going to be globally.
So far it seemed that Japan wants to go a little bit in relation to investment in India. Although he wanted to move forward in a strategic way, new things are coming out between the two countries on the global platform.
America’s America’s First Policy is in North Korea’s nuclear program in Asia. Under this, he is not just pressurizing China, but pressure is being imposed on allied countries of Japan including India.
Various types of visa restrictions are also being imposed on these countries. Tariffs are also being used as weapons and they are being pressurized by the US to not have a strategic relationship with any other country.
In such a situation, it is necessary that the friendly friends of Asia should come together to create an Asian sentiment and do not come under pressure from the US and other countries.
If Asia is to move forward in Asia then it is very important to implement the Asia-Pacific concept in practice.
Japan-India Association was founded in 1903 and it is one of the oldest international friendship institutions in Japan.
Because at the 13th India-Japan Annual Summit, Japan had promised to invest Rs 33,800 crore in government and private sector after the meeting between Modi-Abe in 2014.
Japan has been one of the biggest sources of investment in India. Between April 2000 and June 2018, the trade of FDI was $ 28.16 billion. It needs to be increased.
Japan is ranked below 18th in the list of countries exported by India, while Japan is ranked 12th in the list of countries importing in India.
This situation of business is despite the signing of the Comprehensive Economic Partnership Agreement (CEPA) by both the countries in 2011 to facilitate growth in bilateral trade.
The CEPA was described in the most comprehensive form of all the agreements made by India, which included trade in commodities and services, movement of persons, investment, intellectual property rights, customs procedures and other business related issues.
The CEPA has envisaged to eliminate the tariff on more than 94% of the items traded between India and Japan over a period of 10 years.
India’s exports to Japan in fiscal year 2018 is less than the year 2015. The primary items to be exported include petroleum products, chemicals, compounds, non-metallic minerals, fish, metallurgical ores and scraps, clothing and accessories, iron and steel products, textiles, textiles, yarn and machinery.
India’s primary imports from Japan, which are showing sluggishness, include machinery, transport equipment, iron and steel, electronic goods, biological chemicals, machine tools, etc.
Most Japanese FDI flows are concentrated in automobile, electrical equipment, telecommunications, chemical and pharma sectors.
According to the statistics of the Department of Industrial Policy and Promotion (DIPP), there were 1,305 Japanese companies registered in India by October 2016, which shows 76 companies growth (growth of 6%) compared to 1,229 in October 2015.
Japan’s interest in India’s strength is clearly visible. Therefore, it needs to be more strengthened.
As India has talked of bringing railways, cyber companies, artificial intelligence, and India is moving towards the fourth industrial revolution, India and Japan should work together.
How important is the agreement from a strategic point of view?
The relationship between the two countries is increasing after the Modi government came in. Logistics maintenance has exactly the same thing as happened between India and America. This means that our navy and the navy of Japan can use the facilities among themselves.
Today, mutual cooperation between India and Japan is essential to counter Japan’s military power and territorial excellence, and it is a good thing that the two countries are moving forward with the spirit of cooperation among themselves.
Along with intense negotiations at the strategic level, cooperation in defense and economic sectors is also a major and decisive factor in bilateral relations in today’s world. In this context, the maritime sector occupies an important place in improving the strategic relationship between these two Asian forces.
Both countries have the highest chance of cooperating in this field. After achieving such a synergy in relations, both countries are now working towards enhancing military cooperation.
Both countries are pursuing the process of discussions about future cooperation in the field of deep sea interest, military equipment and technology.
For this reason, the purpose of bilateral exercises between Japan’s Marine Self Defense Force (JMSDF) and the Indian Navy (IN) is also understood.
Joint naval exercises are going on in Malabar between India, USA and Japan in 2015. This also reflects India’s changing attitude towards the current security environment in the Indo-Pacific region.
Japan participated in Triple-Malabar exercises in June 2018, in which the third country is the US. In the current security situation, a country’s army will have to work together with the forces of another country, which will decide the new direction of cooperation in the strategic position of the Indian Ocean-Pacific Sea.
India-Japan is the natural area of maritime security cooperation because of being the two major maritime countries in the Pacific region.
Both the countries have been supportive of sharing the data on the movement of commercial and naval ships in some areas of the Indian Ocean and Pacific Ocean and in the disputed East Vietnam Sea.
The good thing in this direction is that the military exercises between the two countries are going to be held in Mizoram in December 2018. Japan has always considered the northeast region of India as important for India and Asia. This will be a tremendous initiative for India’s Act East Policy and Japan’s Indo-Oriented Policy.
Japan has no match in technology. India has shown interest in submarine of Japan and there has been a dialogue between the two countries in this regard. Japan’s submarine is sophisticated. India has also shown interest in Amphibian aircraft.
Improvement in relations between the two countries will prove to be better for India.
Japan has been providing bilateral credit and assistance to India since 1958 and it is also the largest bilateral donor.
Japanese official development assistance (ODA) supports the development of India in areas such as electricity, transport, environmental projects and projects related to basic human needs.
Of the funds invested by Japan in the last five years, 90 billion dollars has been invested for the Delhi-Mumbai Industrial Corridor. This corridor will pass through 1,483 km high speed rail and road to new towns, industrial parks, ports and airports which are being developed between these two cities.
Japan is also supporting the High Speed Rail (Bullet Train) service between Mumbai-Ahmedabad and for this it has released the first installment of Rs 5,500 crore.
A dedicated freight corridor has also been discussed which is a project of about Rs 50,000 crore and in which Japanese aid is Rs 38,000 crore.
190 kms from New Attlee to New Fluatera stations The first section of the Western dedicated freight corridor has been opened, while the next section of 492 km between Rewari and Marwar is likely to be opened in the beginning of next year. The target is to finish this work by March 2020.
New areas of engagement between India and Japan
In March 2018, ‘Cool EMS service’ was started, under which Japanese food items allowed under Indian rules are taken from Japan through cold channels to cool boxes in India. Currently this service is only available in Delhi.
Both sides are trying to accelerate the digital partnership, the Nodal Point of India’s policy commission and the Ministry of Economy, Trade and Industry, from Japan, is playing its role.
Areas of potential cooperation include Artificial Intelligence (AI), Internet of Things (IoT) and Big Data.
Another new area where India is likely to move forward is the Japanese program called the Ayushman Bharat Project and the Asia Health and Welfare Initiative, which is for solidarity or integration, including taking advantage of Japan’s strength in areas like medical equipment and hospitals.
Challenge for China
Japan’s continued cooperation for India has become very important since the Docalm controversy. Shinzo Abe returned from China last week only.
In such a way, this meeting between the leaders of India and Japan will also help understand the attitude of China.
If both countries talk to China together, then this could be a more effective step. If both countries cooperate in the Asia Pacific region, it can challenge the Chinese.
A lot of countries are coming out of China’s Belt Road initiative. They know that this is a bad trap and China comes to its advantage, business comes from the motive. Its purpose is not to develop economically in other countries.
India and Japan are giving alternatives to other countries. Both are talking about inclusive development. They have no agenda which is important for development together.
In the case of economic and technical cooperation, Japan has been the most trusted partner of India. The two countries are very important in the kind of global economy these days. The partnership between the two countries is also important for the Asia Pacific region, especially in the Asia Pacific region. Three countries are considered important in the Asia-Pacific region – India, Japan and China. China is the distance between India and Japan. It is up to its expansionist policies. In this case, economic cooperation between India and Japan is very important to increase its strength in the Asia-Pacific region. In this summit, the leaders of both countries focused primarily on cooperation in the Asia Pacific region.
India is engaged in developing a strong economic zone in collaboration with its neighboring countries. Because of Pakistan’s arbitrariness, it has been isolated from the SAARC countries, but India is preparing a strategy to invest in other countries in Sri Lanka, Bangladesh, Nepal with Japan. He also got the speed from this trip. The recent meeting of the leaders of both the countries will not only boost mutual cooperation in the economic and technological sector, but will also strengthen the global strategy.