In the recent attack in Tinsukia district of Assam, the militants killed five young people of Bengali community. In this incident, the United Liberation Front of Assam (ULFA Independent) was believed to be the arm, but the organization refused to play its role in this incident. Meanwhile, the Chief Minister of West Bengal, while condemning the attack, had raised the question whether it was due to NRC? These types of murders increase distances between Assamese and Bengali communities because they are believed to be at the center of the dispute, which has not been included in the updated NRC.
What is NRC?
- NRC refers to the national register of citizens, that is, the NRC is the register which contains details of all Indian citizens.
- It was prepared after the 1951 census. The register included the details of all the persons counted during that census.
- Currently, NRC is being updated in Assam.
- The provisions governing the NRC updating in Assam are given in the Citizenship Act, 1955 and citizenship (registration of citizens and issuance of national identity card) Rules, 2003. The format for NRC update has been jointly developed by the Assam Government and the Government of India.
- On 15th August, 1985, after the long agitation against the intruders in Assam, for six years since the year 1964, the Assam accord between the Rajiv Gandhi government and the agitating leaders of the Center was formed. On the basis of this agreement, the work of updating NRC in the supervision of the Supreme Court is going on.
- According to the Assam Accord, all Bangladeshi nationals who came to Assam after March 25, 1971 will have to go here, whether they are Hindus or Muslims.
- On August 15, 1985, an agreement was reached between AASU and other organizations and the Indian government, which is known as the Assam Accord.
- According to this agreement, Hindu-Muslims who were to enter Assam after March 25, 1971 were to be identified and they were to be out of the state.
- Under this agreement, people who came to Assam from 1961 to 1971 were given citizenship and other rights, but they were not given the right to vote.
- Under this, special package was also given for economic development of Assam. It has also been decided that special laws and administrative measures will be taken to protect the cultural, social and linguistic identity of Assamese speaking people.
- Based on the Assam Accord, the amendment was also done in the electoral rolls.
Who were termed as illegal?
- The following people have been declared illegal –
- Which could not complete valid document related actions in NRC.
- Those who do not have legal documents of citizenship before March 25, 1971.
- People who came from the hideous Bangladesh also could not present Indian documents.
- Suspicious voters, their dependents, those in the foreign tribunals and their children have not been included in it.
Problems arising out of the end of citizenship
- After the release of the NRC list, people have become stateless, that is, they are no longer citizens of any country.
- In such a situation, there is a danger of violence in the state. Those who had been living in Assam for decades, after the expiry of Indian citizenship, they will not be able to vote as before, nor will they benefit from any welfare scheme and their own property But they will not have any rights.
- Those who have their own property will be the target of other people.
Four million people have not been included in the final draft published in July and the last number of people involved in the NRC can be known only when the detailed process of claims, objections and verification are completed. The United Nations Refugee Agency wants to end the statehood, but there are about one crore people in the world whose no country is not. In this case, the recent situation for India is uncomfortable. This case of citizenship has created a debate in Assam, not just Assam. This issue has been running for many years in Assam politics. Now it is necessary to solve this issue with seriousness and to keep away from this issue with the politics of polarization.