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Special: Drone Policy

Context and background
The trend of the use of drones in the country is increasing rapidly; in this way, waiting for all the rules to blow it was going on for a long time. But now the government has announced new rules for this. This rule will be implemented from 1st of December to the whole country. The Central Government has developed digital platforms with the new rules for taking permission for it. According to the government, with the increase of employment by using drones, it will help in the area of ​​disaster relief and agriculture. Considering the way the drone movement has grown in India, this new rule of government is being considered as very important. Although there are no special rules in our country regarding drones, but due to its widespread use throughout the world, new rules are being implemented for the first time in India.
DGCA releases new rules regarding drones
Drones can be used only in some places in India and this is possible only if the drone user adheres to all the rules. The following points should be kept in mind while flying a drum bearing weight above 250 grams.
  1. In the residential areas, drones can not be flown without permission.
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  3. The drone can not be flown around 5 kilometers of the airport or helipad.
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  5. Drones can not be flown in a region with a sensitive zone or hyphrophilic security.
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  7. Driving a drone is prohibited by government offices, military spots, airports, international borders, shoreline, secretariat premises.
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  9. The drone-blowing should be at least 18 years or above.
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  11. All the drones will be blown with a license plate in which the operator’s name and how to contact them are written.
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  13. More than one unmanned automatic vehicle (UAV) or drone can not be blown up at once.
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  15. A drone can not be flown within 50 kilometers of any international border.
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  17. The drone can be flown only 500 meters from the sea.
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  19. Drones can not be fired within 5 kms from Vijay Chowk, Delhi.
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  21. Drones can not be blown in National Park, Public Spot, Wildlife Century etc.
There will be five categories of drones
Weight
  1. Nano less than 250 grams
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  3. Micro 250 gms to 2 kg
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  5. Small 2 kg to 25 kg
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  7. Medium 25 kg to 150 kg
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  9. Larger than 150 kg
Airspace will have three zones
  1. Red zone flight not allowed
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  3. Yellow zone controlled airspace – Requires permission before flight
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  5. Green Zone Uncontrolled Airfield – Automatic Permission
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  7. No drone zone allowed drone operations in certain places
Rules for obtaining drone license
  • Applicants should be 18 years of age to get the license of the drone. It is important to have basic education related to the tenth grade and basic information related to the drone.
  • To blow the drone, import clearance from DGCA has to be taken. Apart from this, UIN and UAOP will be allowed to blow a drone, he will also renew it.
  • The Ministry of Defense will be allowed to blow the drone in the restricted area. For this, the clearance will be received from the Home Ministry.
Will not be allowed to supply food content
  • The central government has said that under the new rules, commercial use of the drone in areas such as agriculture, health and disaster relief will be effective from December 1. But permission for the supply of food items including food items will not be allowed at present.
The provision of punishment for violation of rules
  • Apart from this, even in weddings and parties, drones above 60 meters can not be carried out. If there is a violation of any rule, there is a provision for both penalties and penalties.
  • Suspension or cancellation of UIN / UAOP in case of violation of regulatory provisions.
  • Statutory proceedings as per the relevant provisions of the Aircraft Act 1934 or the Aircraft Rules or any statutory provision.
  • Penalty or penalties under section 287, 336, 337, 338 of the IPC.
Where is the drone being used?
The use of drones has increased very fast in the last few years. It is used by reconnaissance aircraft, civil defense, e-commerce market to prove its usefulness. The drone is being used in the following areas-
  1. Monitoring the Activities of Relief and Rescue Campaign- A 
    devastating earthquake in Nepal in April 2015 shook the whole world. Photos of the magnitude of this earthquake were taken from the drone. 
    में Natural calamities in India kill lakhs of people every year. These drones can prove to be better for the relief and rescue in the situation of the disaster in coastal areas in the shadow of floods or storms in the hilly areas and plains of the earthquake. 
    ♦ Relief agencies have got the comfort of using drones on many occasions. 
    ♦ Recently the drone was used to know the horrors of the devastating floods in Kerala.
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  3. Use of agriculture 
    ♦ Most of the drones and revolutionary uses are being cultivated. In many countries of the world, farmers are drone-feeding from crops to spraying the drug. 
    से Farming is proven to be beneficial in the use of drones in many areas of India.
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  5. During the violence, the use of drone cameras is 
    also being done to maintain large number of drones to maintain law and order. Even during the communal violence in Saharanpur, Uttar Pradesh Police used drone cameras, which helped the police to track the situation. 
    ♦ Apart from this, the Hyderabad Police is also preparing to use the drone for the protection of women in the city. 
    इसकी Its help is also being taken to control traffic in the country’s capital, Delhi, which is under the burden of vehicles.
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  7. Look at anti-social elements through drone surveillance 
    ♦ Hyderabad Police has begun to track anti-social elements through drone surveillance. 
    लिये The use of drones has been started to monitor the open defecators around rivers and ponds in Karimnagar of Telangana, that means that the drone is being used in Swachh Bharat Abhiyan. 
    लिये In order to maintain internal security and law and order, the drone is being used to search the rooftops and monitor large marches in the big metros of the country.
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  9. Use of drones to increase rail capacity and safety. 
    Recently, Railways has taken a major decision to increase the safety and efficiency of Indian Railways.Railways have decided to use drone cameras on a large scale to monitor and check for infrastructure, project monitoring and track maintenance. 
    ♦ With this, the drones will be deployed by the Railways to monitor the activities of relief and rescue operations and to know the progress of important work. 
    ♦ Ralway is soon going to start using drone cameras in all its divisions and zones. 
    में Druck cameras were first used in Jabalpur headquarters, while Drone cameras have been trials in other areas of Jabalpur, Bhopal and Kota division.
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  11. Use in professional photography and air mapping 
    ♦ Surveys, professional photography and aerial mapping are being used in drones. 
    के The new drone policy issued by DGCA will accelerate the professional use of the drone. Many e-commerce companies have started preparing for it.
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  13. Home Delivery of Goods 
    ♦ Recently Google and Amazon have prepared to do the home delivery of goods through the drone.Amazon has filed a patent for the deployment of drone aircraft in India last year. 
    ♦ Although, according to the new drone policy, these companies will have to wait a little further in home delivery through drones.
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  15. Ease of documenting 
    ♦ Apart from documenting anything, there is a problem with the resolution of traditional laser scanning, whereas the drone meets this shortcoming. 
    ♦ Drones also take pictures of other statistics for surveying and conservation work and the second major advantage of the use of drones for these tasks is cost and time saving. 
    ♦ Usually, 1500-2000 rupees are taken by the drone service providers to survey one hectare area, whereas the cost of the same work using the laser technique is at least three to four times the cost. 
    ♦ In addition, the work which took 6-8 months to complete, the same work can be accomplished in less than a week through the drone.
Military use of drones
  • US Army drones are searching for Taliban fighters in Pakistan’s marginal tribal areas.
  • These drones proved to be very effective in overthrowing the Taliban in Afghanistan. In the inaccessible hilly and tribal areas where it is almost impossible to reach an unknown man, the drone has helped NATO soldiers to find and destroy the hideous terrorists in the bunkers. Felt.
  • The strategic importance of the drone can be estimated from the fact that Pakistan had told American drone its threat to sovereignty.
  • India is also facing similar challenges across the border, that is why the need for drones and related techniques in the army is increasing.
  • According to the Technology Perspective and Capability Roadmap of the Ministry of Defense, 2018, the country’s army will need 400 drones in the coming decade.
  • According to the roadmap issued in this report of the Ministry of Defense, in addition to the drone, the Army and Navy need more than 30 fighter aircraft to fly without a pilot.
  • Roadmap states that the forces need less and long range fighter RPAs, or remote pilot aircraft systems, which have a pilot aircraft system capable of flying at an altitude of 30,000 feet, and connecting 24 hours with such planes. It’s possible.
  • Apart from this, the drone should have such a potential that he can target enemies at a distance of 20 km from the ground and sea.
  • Keeping in view the terrorist activities on both sides of the border, the government has approved the DRDO to make an unmanned aircraft of Rustam series.
Rustom-2 for monitoring the borders of the country
Recently, indigenous Drone Rustam-2 was successfully tested. The first test of its first edition, Rustam-1, was in November 2009. On the insistence of the Indian Army, it has been developed by the subsidiary of the DRDO, Aeronautical Development Establishment (ADE), which includes Bharat Electronics Limited and Hindustan Aeronautics.
  • Rustom-2 has an automated system for flying and landing and it is far better than contemporary drones of the world. Apart from other important equipment in this plane, there is also synthetic aperture radar, maritime gasoline radar and anti-collision system.
  • It is capable of identifying targets and seizing the target from taking the reconnaissance of the enemy’s terrain.
  • Airframe of Rustam-2 was 2400 kg by the end of 2015, which is a challenge to reduce to 1700. It can target a flying enemy at a low altitude.
  • The aircraft’s wings are 20 meters and unlike other planes it will only need a runway to fly. It can fly continuously for 24-30 hours.
  • It can fly at speeds of 500 km / hour and not even in the enemy’s eye. It is capable of exact hitting along with reconnaissance and monitoring capabilities, and its range is around 250 kilometers.
  • Being a synthetic aperture radar, it can also be seen across the clouds and can easily fly at a height of 30 thousand feet. The UAV has sensor fusion which collects the information of different sensors.
  • At present, the Indian Army has more than 200 highly advanced drones, which have been bought from the US and Israel. The US and Israel are known in the world as experts in drone technology.
(Team Vision Input)
India needs hi-tech reconnaissance planes
  • India is desperately in need of hi-tech reconnaissance planes in this period of Cyber ​​War and Space War, which can keep an eye on enemy movement in every way along with external and internal security.
  • Earlier, the government has purchased drones from Israel, keeping the army’s needs in mind. According to an estimate, at present, the army has around 200 drones.
What are the drones?
  • Unmanned Aerial Vehicle-UAV is called a drone. I.e. a remote-powered small plane.
  • By the way, it’s not like an aircraft, but it’s a robot that can fly. Generally, the four-winged drones can fly long over the battery’s charge.
  • They are blown away by a remote or specially designed control room.
  • The name of the drone means that it got this name because of male bee and fly. It flies like a bee, and can stand still in a place.
  • The drones are of different types depending on their size, scope, stability and ability to carry loads. They usually have stable wings, rotor ones and they get energy from the battery.
  • The functionality of different drones working through the GPS system is different.
  • Normally the range of drones used for monitoring is currently 100 km Till then.
  • Once the battery is charged, it is 100 km high at a height Can fly at an hourly speed. Its battery runs for about one and a half hours.
  • Unmanned Aerial Vihicle-UAV is a fly-in machine that we can control through remote or mobile. Some people call it mechanical bird.
(Team Vision Input)
  • There is no definite statistic about the number of drones flying in our sky but from the delivery of goods to urban transport and from monitored to agricultural activities, drones have an important role.
  • It’s something like a toy plane and a helicopter that can be blown up with the help of radio remote. Although it is better than those remote powered toys because it can also operate from Android mobile and can not only fly in the air for long periods but can also decide for long distance.
Story of the development of drones or UAV
  • No definitive claim can be made about when the first drone was made, but attempts to make the first unmanned aircraft first started during World War I.
  • In 1918, the American Army started the construction of air pteroscope. This machine, named Cutting Bag, had some successful tests, but the world war ended before it was fully developed. However, after this, the test continued on the unmanned instrument again.
  • In 1935, the Royal Air Force of the United Kingdom created the pilotless aircraft driven and operated by radio waves called ‘The Queen B’. For this, the word drone was first used.
  • The Pinumun Army Research Center of Germany tested the V-1 flying box in 1942. During this time, the US Army began to use the drones for training and training. American drummer P-70 Flying Potte flew from Murok Army Air Field on August 6, 1946.
  • America deployed a large number of UAVs during the Vietnam War. During this, the drone was used for dropping the prescription and reconnaissance activities.
  • However, for the first time, a drone was used in February 2002.
  • On February 4, 2002, the CIA used the drone to target Osama bin Laden in the Khost town of Paktia province of Afghanistan. However, the place where Osama was not targeted was there.
  • American drones were flying even before in Afghanistan’s sky. Since then, surveillance programs have been conducted through American drones worldwide.
  • During this time military and detective drones were developed in both Israel and Iran. In India, DRDO and Hindustan Aeronautics Limited are developing many categories of drones.
Conclusion : The trend of the use of drones in the country is growing rapidly, so for the time being, it was waiting for all the rules to blow it, but now the government has announced new rules for it. This rule will be implemented from 1st of December to the whole country. The Central Government has developed digital platforms with the new rules for taking permission for it. According to the Ministry of Civil Aviation, the drone aviation center has brought a new revolution and its better use will make it easier to compete with many problems.
Today the drone is being called the new chapter of the aviation industry, where there is immense potential for employment and its use for civil purposes. That is, its Eye in the Sky has moved far beyond the image of the drone. But it is very important to be careful about the use of drones, otherwise there is enough potential for its misuse. The International Air Transport Association has advised them to have comprehensive discussions to ensure the security related to the air sector as a threat.
Updated: January 3, 2019 — 5:58 am

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