World Food Day is celebrated globally on October 16th. This year it was also celebrated all over the world. World Food Day is a day dedicated to the task of dealing with hunger in the world. The FAO claims that ‘ unrealistic ‘ goals can be achieved when a sustainable lifestyle is adopted . According to the FAO report, in the world where lakhs of people are forced to sleep hungry due to poverty every day, 672 million people are suffering from obesity and due to inadequate lifestyle and bad habits of eating habits, 1.3 billion people overweight Are ones. The theme of World Food Day 2018 is ‘ Our task is our future- it is possible to make the world free from hunger by 2030 ‘ .
Article 25 (1) of the Universal Declaration of Human Rights (1948) states that every person has the right to improve the quality of life of himself and his family, to obtain better health status, which includes the protection of food, clothes and housing.
The Food and Agricultural Organization (FAO) in 1965 announced in its preamble the constitution that ensuring the freedom of human society is one of their basic objectives.
India, with a population of more than 3 billion, has seen tremendous growth in the past two decades.
Gross domestic product has increased 5 times and consumption per capita has increased 3 times. Similarly, grain production has increased almost two times.
However, along with exceptional industrial and economic development, India produces enough food to feed its population, but still a large number of people are unable to provide access to food.
What is hunger?
With hunger, we mean the absence of food. But Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO) considers people suffering from less than 1800 calories a day to be starving.
‘Zero Hunger’ Challenge
In 2012, United Nations Secretary-General Ban Ki-moon launched the Zero Hunger Challenge.
Zero Hunger Vision depicts five elements under SDG, which can eliminate all forms of hunger, malnutrition, when combined, and strengthen the inclusive and sustainable food system.
ZHC has contributed to changing the landscape. It has inspired action at the country level and has contributed in ensuring that food and nutrition security and sustainable agriculture remain high in the global development agenda.
This has encouraged all countries to work together to eliminate Hunger.
Under the 2030 agenda, it is time to renew the call to action for zero hunger and malnutrition and there is a need to make necessary changes in agriculture and food systems to create an inclusive, safe, sustainable and flexible society.
ZHC provides a platform that brings governments, civil society, private sector, United Nations system and others together for collective influence in the field of food security, nutrition and durable food system.
It is celebrated every year in honor of the United Nations Food and Agriculture Organization, which was established in 1945.
Its aim is to strengthen the effort of eliminating hunger, malnutrition and poverty eradication from all over the world and spread awareness among the people towards food security.
According to the Food and Agriculture Organization’s ‘Crop forecast and food status’ report, there are 34 countries in the world who do not have enough food to feed their population.
At the same time, UN statistics show that one in every nine people in the world is forced to sleep hungry stomach everyday.
The relevance of this day increases in such a global situation. Throughout the world, hunger-related problems have increased rapidly due to increasing population, decreasing agricultural production and waste of food.
What is Agenda 2030?
It should be noted that in the 70th meeting of the United Nations General Assembly, starting from 2015, the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) were set for the next 15 years.
It is to be noted that for the period 2000-2015, the plan was to achieve Millennium Development Goals (MDG), whose period was completed in 2015.
Subsequently, a new agenda (SDG-2030) for the coming years was formally adopted by all the member states.
Millennium Development Goals
Destruction of poverty and poverty.
Gaining universal primary education
Promoting gender equality and women’s empowerment.
Reducing Infant Mortality Rate
Promote maternal health.
Getting rid of HIV / AIDS, malaria and other diseases.
Establishing relationships for global development.
Team Vision Input
Hunger: The current situation?
According to the Global Hunger Report, 2018, India has been ranked 103th out of 119 countries in this index and the level of starvation in the country has been classified as ‘severe’ category.
Compared to last year, India’s ranking has dropped three places this year. Government has called for the country to get rid of hunger and malnutrition by 2022.
However, India is still far behind in the case of starvation with starvation. In the report of the index measured on devastating malnutrition in infants, interruption in child development and child mortality, measured in the ‘severe’ category with 4 scores in India Kept.
This index estimates the fact that 50 countries of the world at the current rate of progress will fail to reach the ‘low’ category of hunger by 2030.
It has been said in the report that this puts the constant development goal 2 of the United Nations in danger, which aims to end starvation by 2030.
India has improved three indicators in terms of comparative reference years. The percentage of people underpopulated in the population has decreased from 18.2% in 2000 to 14.8% in 2018.
In the same period, the rate of child mortality decreased from 9.2% to about half that is 4.3%, whereas dwarfism in children decreased from 54.2% to 38.4%.
In India, 196 million population is still suffering from malnutrition, which shows failure in this area.
South Asia is affected by the burden of Hunger in a very serious situation, where more than 15 percent of the population is malnourished.
Not only governments but also social organizations are concerned about the waste of food. Almost one-third of all food is prepared every year around the world. The waste that can be eaten is enough to meet the needs of two billion people.
With increasing affluence in India, people are becoming insensitive towards food. With the ability to spend, the tendency of throwing food is increasing. Even today, more than 40 percent of food stored in garbage dumped near marriage sites is available in the country. If this waste can be stopped then many people can be stomach filled.
Why malnutrition problems in India?
The problem of hunger in India is not really due to the availability of food. In India, grain production is in great quantity. The gap between demand and supply in the country is the main problem.
Hunger is not due to the availability of cereals, but due to lack of nutritious and balanced diet.
Reduction in purchase capacity of certain sections of the population is also a major problem as these classes are not able to buy nutritious foods such as milk, fruits, meat, fish, egg etc.
The government is making available grains of 2, 3 or 1 rupees per kilogram to the people of certain sections of the population, but this is not the case with nutritious food items.
The problem of malnutrition or starvation can not be solved unless the nutritious foods are included in mid-dame or other programs. Still, a large part of the population is deprived of nutritious food items.
We need to ensure the availability of adequate nutrients along with improving the income of the poor sections of the society.
In order to fight against malnutrition and starvation in India, many effective schemes like Mid-Dameel, Employment Guarantee Scheme have been started, but for the correct implementation of these schemes, the policies should be made at the level of local, infrastructure and transport. Need to
According to a report by the Indian Institute of Public Administration, in India every year 23 million tonnes of pulses, 12 million tonnes of fruits and 21 tonnes of vegetables are spoiled due to flaws in distribution system and in large quantities in celebration, ceremony, marriage and etc. Cooked food is wasted.
There is ample availability of food items at large level in the country, but it is necessary to make a policy change for effective delivery. We need to change the delivery system so that the PDS system can reach the last person.
Nearly 27 percent of the world’s malnourished people live in India; still 1/3 of India is below the poverty line, which is sweet for two-hour roti, but the 50 million tonnes of grains stored in the warehouses without access to the poor .
Problems caused by starvation
Undernutrition ( Under Nutrition): the amount of required nutrients for healthy body can not be available when someone because the person is a victim of undernutrition. Therefore it is important to have quality as well as quality of food. This means that along with the amount of calories required in the diet, protein, vitamins and minerals should also be in sufficient quantity.
Child Wasting : Children up to 5 years of age whose weight is significantly lower in proportion to their length. According to the Global Hunger Index 2018, at least one child among five Indian children under five years is like this, whose weight is extremely low in proportion to its length.
Child Stunting : whose length is less than their age. Child mortality ( Child Mortality Rate): Proportion of children victims of death per 1000 children at the age of 5 years.
Team Vision Input
Need for Policy Change
A large amount of grains rot in government godowns but they do not reach the needy. There is a need to make a policy change to address this problem.
Although the government has implemented many schemes and policies but its implementation has not been done properly at the ground level.
Quality of food is also an important issue. Due to the dynamics of food items, supply chain, cold chain etc., the main problem is that it is very important for the mobility of food items.
Currently, only 4 percent of the food grains in the country are sent for use through proper refrigeration, while 30 percent of fruits and vegetables are wasted in the absence of refrigeration.
On behalf of the government, women volunteer groups should invest in locally procured milk and Sugar Mixed Milk should be distributed locally.
All programs and schemes designed for hunger and malnutrition should be implemented by the State Governments. Only technical suggestions and economic incentives should be given by the Center for these schemes.
If we want to take advantage of our production to the poor and the disadvantaged sections, we will not only need a more equitable distribution but will also be able to deliver the delivery.
It is important that the food production of the country has increased fivefold since 1951, but food security of the poor has not been ensured yet.
Per capita availability of grain has increased, but together with malnutrition and women, the problem of anemia is also becoming increasingly serious.
Decreased quality of nutrients in food
Food security is understood as the availability of food to every citizen of the country, whereas food security is not only available to the citizens of the country but also the availability of adequate nutrients by food.
Scientists say that due to excessive carbon dioxide emissions, nutrients from the food are being destroyed, due to lack of protein in major food grains like rice, wheat and barley.
According to the statistics, 6 percent in rice, 14.1 percent in barley, 7.8 percent in wheat and 6.4 percent protein in potato has been recorded.
According to an estimate, by the year 2050, the main dose of Indians will lose 3 percent protein. Because of this, 5.3 million Indians will suffer from deficiency of protein.
Significantly, the cells of the body start giving energy to the tissues when the deficiency of protein is decreased.
Since proteins are also not formed in cells, therefore, tissues begin to destroy. As a result, the person gradually becomes weak and his resistance to the disease decreases.
In the last few years, infrastructure, food chains, storage houses, transport facilities have been developed in India, but there is a lot to be done in this direction.
In addition to adequate nutritious food items, there is a lack of nutrition education in the country, especially in middle class people. Therefore, promoting nutrition education and awareness is needed.
We also need to pay attention to agriculture and farmers, especially landless families, workers and small and marginal farmers who are often victims of malnutrition and starvation.
Such people are limited to production of rice, wheat, jowar, millet and they do not think beyond this. Therefore, such farmers should be encouraged to produce fruits and vegetables besides poultry, goat, cow farming.
Landless laborers have been seen to be more affected than the problem of starvation. Therefore, the government should identify the workers and distribution of land to them. The West Bengal government is working for landless laborers for the last 5-6 years. So far 2.6 lakh families of the state have benefitted from this. If such other states also do the same, then many problems can be solved.
Grains should be produced locally and distributed. India is not a big exporter of grains. We need to pay attention to the needs of the people of our country.
India is the largest country in the production of banana in the world, but in the global market, its share is just 0.34 percent. But in the absence of banana, vagon, in a lot of quantity, the only kept on the railway stations becomes impaired.
There has been talk of minimum support price (MSP) in the country for long, but it does not include horticulture, fruits and vegetables. Small and marginal farmers could not get proper benefit of MSP. About 90 percent of the farmers of the country are deprived of MSP benefits.
We need to increase the capacity of farmers through MSP. There is a need to invest more in the agricultural sector, agricultural infrastructure such as cold-storage, construction of roads to the mandis, agricultural markets and markets.
Private companies should come forward to invest in supply chain and cold storage.
Basic infrastructure development should be done by the government at ground level / rural level / block level and village level.
The methods adopted by states like Punjab and Haryana for food production and distribution process should also be adopted by other states.
India’s share in aggregate global market of 1300 billion dollars is just $ 30 billion i.e. less than 1 percent which is becoming more and less year-by-year.
The main reason for the improvement in the Global Hunger Index in the past 10 years is our distribution system. The fact behind this is that despite the adequate food production, the people of our country are not able to purchase nutritious food due to low income. This is the reason that the solution to the problem of starvation has not been long since.
India is an agricultural country where more than 50 percent of the population is still dependent on agriculture. We have to provide employment opportunities for the youth. Therefore, food processing sector can be important due to loss of food items and employment.
Food security is understood as the availability of food to every citizen of the country, whereas food security is not only available to the citizens of the country but also the availability of adequate quantity of nutrients by food. The concept of food security defines the fundamental right of a person. For every person, everyone needs a diet rich in prescribed nutrients. It is also important that the need for food is completed at the appointed time.
In order to ensure adequate nutritional and food security for the growing population, a commendable work is being done by India’s research sector. In fact, it would be wrong to say that in addition to enhancing the quantity and quality of food to improve nutrition, the Indian research department has been doing remarkable work in relation to the new options required to meet new food challenges. is. In the context of the problem of food that has embraced the global problem, India should use excellent research work to utilize, research, share knowledge and get effective solutions so that future generations are protected from this serious crisis. To be kept.