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Agricultural Export Policy 2018

Context


Recently the Union Cabinet approved the Agricultural Export Policy. It is worth mentioning that this permission has been given for the purpose of doubling the income of farmers. This policy will focus on all aspects of agricultural exports including modernization of infrastructure, standardization of products, streamlining the rules, reducing decisions promoting agriculture crisis, and focusing on research and development activities.

Important point

  • Agricultural Export Policy, 2018, aims to increase agriculture exports by more than 60 billion US dollars by 2022.
  • It is important to note that this decision has been taken by the government’s objectives to double the income of farmers till 2022.
  • Apart from promoting the export of agricultural products like tea, coffee and rice from the Agricultural Export Policy, it will increase the share of the country in global agricultural trade.
  • Under this policy, efforts will also be made to remove all types of export restrictions on biological products. According to an official, the estimated finance for implementation of this policy will be more than Rs. 1,400 crores.

Components of Agricultural Export Policy

  • Recommendations made in Agricultural Export Policy have been arranged in two categories.

Why in the discussion?


Under the chairmanship of the Prime Minister, the Union Cabinet has approved the project of Shahpurkandi Dam on river Ravi in ​​Punjab .
  • For this project, central assistance of Rs 485.38 crores (for irrigation component) will be provided during the five year period from 2018-19 to 2022-23.
  • The implementation of this project will help in reducing the amount of water in the river Ravi which currently runs through Madhopur headworks to Pakistan.

about the project

  • For the Shahpurandi dam project, Central Assistance will be provided through the NABARD (NABARD ) in line with the current 99 projects of Prime Minister Agriculture Irrigation Scheme (Accelerated Irrigation Benefit Program) (PMKSY-AIBP) .
  • In addition to the current monitoring system of Central Water Commission for monitoring the implementation of this project, a committee under the chairmanship of Central Water Commission will be constituted. In this committee, the Chief Engineer of Punjab and Jammu and Kashmir and the concerned officers will be included.
  • This project will be completed by June 2022.

Profit from project

  • Some quantities of Ravi river water currently travel through Madhopur headworks to Pakistan, whereas in both Punjab and Jammu and Kashmir states water is required. The implementation of this project will help reduce the waste of water.
  • With the completion of this project, additional irrigation facilities in the state of Punjab will be 5000 hectares and 32,173 hectares of land in Jammu and Kashmir.
  • Apart from this, the project will help in streamlining the irrigation facility in 1.18 lakh hectares under the Punjab Upper Barab Canal-UBDC system. On completion of the project, Punjab will be able to produce 206 MW of hydroelectric power.
  • The implementation of the project will create 6.2 lakh working days for unskilled workers, 6.2 lakh working days for semi-skilled laborers and 1.67 lakh working days for skilled laborers.

project cost

  • The Consultative Committee of Water Resources, River Development and the Ministry of Water Resources, River Development & Ganga Rejuvenation- MoWR, RD & GR had fixed the revised cost of Rs. 2285.81 crores for this National Project on August 24, 2019. .
  • In the 138th meeting of Consultant Committee of MoWR, RD & GR on October 31, 2018, an amount of Rs. 2715.70 crore was sanctioned as second revised cost estimation.
  • Central assistance of Rs. 26.04 crores for this project was released during the financial year 2009-10 to 2010-11.
  • The remaining cost of work component of Shahpurandi dam project is 1973.53 crores (irrigation component: 564.63 crores, energy component: 1408.90 crores). In this, a sum of Rs 485.38 crore will be made available as central assistance.

Background:

states dam
  • In 1960, India and Pakistan signed the Indus Water Treaty for water sharing of the Indus river. Under this treaty, India had got full authority to use the water of 3 Eastern rivers- Ravi, Beas and Sutlej. But at present, some quantity of Ravi river water goes through Madhopur headworks to Pakistan.
  • The implementation of this project will help in the prevention of waste of water.
  • A bilateral agreement was signed between Punjab and Jammu and Kashmir in 1979. Under the agreement, the Punjab Government had to construct the Ranjit Sagar Dam (Thine Dam) and Shahpurandi Dam. The construction work of Ranjit Sagar Dam was completed in August 2000.
  • Shahpurandi dam project is 11 km from Ranjit Sagar Dam on Ravi river. Downstream or d / s and 8 km from Madhopur headquarters Located on the upstream or u / s.
  • The Planning Commission had approved this project in early November 2001 and it was included under the Accelerated Irrigation Benefit Program (AIBP) to provide funds for this project under irrigation component.
  • However, there was no progress in the project due to non-availability of funds under the power component by the Punjab government and due to differences over issues with Jammu and Kashmir.
  • In this regard, many meetings were held at the bilateral level and several meetings were organized at the level of the Government of India. Finally, under the auspices of MoWR, RD & GR, Punjab and Jammu and Kashmir had agreed to an agreement on September 8, 2018 in New Delhi.

Source: PIB

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